EVENTS
Workshop on how to report, use and interpret historical control data in (eco)toxicity studies; Location: Online, Date: May 3-5, 2022, 12- 16 CET


   


Background 

Historical control data (HCD) describe the natural incidence of a finding, observed in the same species (rat, mouse dog, rabbit, birds, etc.) and the same type of toxicological study (short-term, chronic, reproductive study, etc.), and are performed in a fixed time period either before or after the study under evaluation. HCD are used to assist scientists on the interpretation of the effects observed in toxicity studies, i.e. to decide whether these were induced by exposure to a chemical or were within the range of spontaneous variation.

Although the principles and prerequisites for the use of HCD sound simple, the understanding of the purpose and the interpretation of these data are very heterogeneous. 

Different legislative frameworks have different both legally and non-legally binding criteria and definitions on the requirements for HCD in order to justify their use. Different criteria for HCD worldwide may have a high impact on evaluation of toxicological studies, even within the same sector, leading to a non-harmonised derivation of health-based guidance values.

EFSA has granted (GP/EFSA/ENCO/2020/02) a project called “Preparatory work on how to report, use and interpret historical control data in (eco)toxicity studies” with the aim to collate all relevant information from public literature, as well as stakeholders experience, knowledge and understanding of the use and interpretation of historical control data when evaluating toxicity studies. 

One of the activities in the project has been the organisation of an international workshop, involving all relevant stakeholders. Based on the survey and the workshop as preparatory tasks, the EFSA Panel on Plant Protection Products and their Residues (PPR) will draft a Scientific Opinion (https://open.efsa.europa.eu/questions/EFSA-Q-2021-00274)


Objectives of the workshop

The aim of the workshop has been to explore the landscape on use, reporting and interpretation of historical control data. The workshop has offered the platform for discussion on different aspects relevant for better understanding of use of HCD, like biological variations, environmental parameters, pathological terminology, statistics, etc., when interpreting toxicity studies. 


Structure of the workshop 

The workshop has been an information gathering event, consisting of presentations on different aspects of historical control data given by experts in their field, and of plenary sessions, where registered participants and speakers have discussed and exchanged their perspectives. 


Documents


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Last update: 30/9/2022